The following research is cited in Musicians & Addiction: Research and Recovery Stories


Ackermann, Bronwen (ed.) (2017) ARC Sound Practice Project Final Report, 10 March, 2017, The University of Sydney.

Ackermann, Kenny, Driscoll & O’Brien (2015) Sound Practice Health Handbook for Orchestral Musicians, May 2015, The University of Sydney.

Adams, Paul (2009) ‘The lost years: the impact of cirrhosis on the history of jazz’, Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol. 23, no. 6, June 2009, pp. 405-406.

Bain, Vick (2019) Counting The Music Industry – The Gender Gap: A study of gender inequality in the UK music industry, October 2019.

Belli, Stefano (2009) ‘A psychobiographical analysis of Brian Douglas Wilson: creativity, drugs, and models of schizophrenic and affective disorders’, Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 46, pp. 809-819.

Bellis, Mark A., Tom Hennell, Clare Lushey, Karen Hughes, Karen Tocque & John R. Ashton (2007) ‘Elvis to Eminem: quantifying the price of fame through early mortality of European and North American rock and pop stars’, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 61, pp. 896-901.

ten Berge, Jos (2002) ‘Jekyll and Hyde revisited: paradoxes in the appreciation of drug experiences and their effects on creativity’, Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 249-262.

Breitenfeld, Darko, Roland Pulanić, Mislav Pap, Ankica Akrap, Božidar Grgić & Ivana Rešetar (2017) ‘Digestive diseases of 80 composers (addictions included)’, Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research, Vol. 53, pp. 55-64.

Bryant Smalley, K. & William D. McIntosh (2011) ‘The loss of fame: psychological implications’, The Journal of Popular Culture, Vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 385-397.

Chertoff, Jason & Daniel Urbine (2018) ‘Jeremy struck a chord: a public health approach to professional musicians’, American Journal of Public Health, January 2018, Vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 62-64.

Cooper, Cary L. & Geoffrey I.D. Wills (1989) ‘Popular musicians under pressure’, Psychology of Music, Vol. 17, pp. 22-36.

Dobson, Melissa C. (2010) ‘Insecurity, professional sociability, and alcohol: young freelance musicians’ perspectives on work and life in the music profession’, Psychology of Music, Vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 240-260.

Duterte, Micheline, Kristin Hemphill, Terrence Murphy & Sheigla Murphy (2003) ‘Tragic beauties: heroin images and heroin users’, Contemporary Drug Problems, Vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 595-617.

Dyce, Jamie & Brian P. O’Connor (1994) ‘The personalities of popular musicians’, Psychology of Music, Vol. 22, no. 2, pp 168-173.

East Coast Music Association – Canada (2018) East Coast Music Association 2018 Mental Health & Wellness Survey.

Forsyth, Alasdair J.M., Jemma C. Lennox & Carol Emslie (2016) ‘“That’s cool, you’re a musician and you drink”: exploring entertainers’ accounts of their unique workplace relationship with alcohol’, International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol. 36, pp. 85-94.

Gillespie, Wayne & Brett Myors (2000) ‘Personality of rock musicians’, Psychology of Music, Vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 154-165.

Goodwin, Donald W. (1973) ‘The muse and the martini’, Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 224, no. 1, pp. 35-38.


Groce, Stephen B. (1991) ‘What’s the buzz?: Rethinking the meanings and uses of alcohol and other drugs among small-time rock ‘n’ roll musicians’, Deviant Behavior, Vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 361-384.


Grønnerød, Jarna Soilevuo (2002) ‘The use of alcohol and cannabis in non-professional rock bands in Finland’, Contemporary Drug Problems, Summer 2002, Vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 417-443.

Gross, Sally Anne & Dr George Musgrave (2016) Can Music Make You Sick? Music and Depression: A Study into the Incidence of Musicians’ Mental Health, Part 1: Pilot Survey Report, University of Westminster/MusicTank/Help Musicians UK.

Gross, Sally Anne & Dr. George Musgrave (2017) Can Music Make You Sick? A Study into the Incidence of Musicians’ Mental Health, Part 2: Qualitative Study and Recommendations, MusicTank Publishing, University of Westminster, London.

Hamilton, Andrew J. (2016) ‘Four famous suicides in history and lessons learned: a narrative view’, Mental Health & Prevention, Vol. 4, pp. 138-145.

Hearsum, Paula (2012) ‘A musical matter of life and death: the morality of mortality and the coverage of Amy Winehouse's death in the UK press’, Mortality, Vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 182-199.

Help Musicians UK (2014) Health and Wellbeing Survey.

Hill, Robert (2010) ‘Book Review: Addiction and Art’, Addiction, Vol. 106, p. 854.


Holmes, Paul S. and Collins, David J. (2001) ‘The PETTLEP approach to motor imagery: a functional equivalence model for sport psychologists’, Journal of Applied Sports Psychology, Vol. 13, no. 1, pp 60-83.

Holm-Hadulla, Rainer M. & Alina Bertolino (2014) ‘Creativity, alcohol and drug abuse: The pop icon Jim Morrison’, Psychopathology, Vol. 47, pp. 167-173.

Janiger, Oscar & Marlene Dobkin de Rios (1989) ‘LSD and creativity’, Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, Vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 129-134.

Just, Johannes M., Markus Bleckwenn, Rieke Schnakenberg, Philipp Skatulla and Klaus Weckbecker (2016) ‘Drug-related celebrity deaths: A cross-sectional study’, Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy, Vol. 11, no. 40, pp. 1-6.

Kenny, Dianna T. & Anthony Asher (2016) ‘Life expectancy and cause of death in popular musicians: is the popular musician lifestyle the road to ruin?’, Science & Medicine, March 2016, pp. 37-44.

Knafo, Danielle (2008) ‘The senses grow skilled in their craving: thoughts on creativity and addiction’, Psychoanalytic Review, August 2008, Vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 571-595.

Lopes, Paul (2005) ‘Signifying deviance and transgression’, The American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 48, no.11, pp. 1468-1481.

Ludwig, Arnold M. MD (1990) ‘Alcohol input and creative output’, British Journal of Addiction, Vol. 85, pp. 953-963.

Lyvers, Michael (2016) ‘Lysergic acid diethylamide and mystical experiences’, Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Vol. 2, Chapter 78, pp. 835-845.

McFadzean, Elspeth (2000) ‘What can we learn from creative people? The story of Brian Eno’, Management Decision, Vol. 38, no. 1/2, p51.

Miller, Kathleen E. & Brian M. Quigley (2011) ‘Sensation-seeking, performance genres and substance use among musicians’, Psychology of Music, Vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 389-410.

Murphy, Caroline (2009) ‘The link between artistic creativity and psychopathology: Salvador Dalí’, Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 46, pp. 765-774. (The Dalí quote originally came from an interview conducted by Paloma Chamorro in Madrid (Spain), 1982 and cited in Salvador Dalí: a la conquista de lo irracional by Javier Pérez Andújar, 2003, p. 245).

MusicHelps (2016) New Zealand Music Community Wellbeing Survey conducted July 2016. MusicHelps/The NZ Music Foundation.

Music Managers Forum UK (2017) The Music Managers Guide to Mental Health, Music Managers Forum UK, Music Support, Help Musicians UK.

Musicians’ Union (UK) 2019 ‘Sexual harassment widespread across the UK music industry’, October 22, 2019.

O’Dair, Marcus (2016) ‘‘Pardon me, I’m very drunk’: alcohol, creativity and performance anxiety in the case of Robert Wyatt’, Popular Music, Vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 207-221.

Oksanen, Atte (2013) ‘Addiction and rehabilitation in autobiographical books by rock artists, 1974-2010’, Drug & Alcohol Review, Vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 53-59.

Oksanen, Atte (2013 B) ‘Female rock stars and addiction in autobiographies’, Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 30, pp. 123-140.

Patalano, Frank (2000) ‘Psychosocial stressors and the short life spans of legendary jazz musicians’, Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 90, pp. 435-436.

Patston, Tim & Terence Loughlan  (2014) ‘Playing with performance: the use and abuse of beta-blockers in the performing arts’, Victorian Journal of Music Education, Vol. 1, pp 3-10.

Peele, Stanton (2017) ‘What was Jerry Garcia’s addiction?’, Psychology Today, June 1, 2017.

Record Union (2019) The 73 Percent Report: A report that looks at the state of independent music makers’ mental health and wellbeing.

Roland, David (1994) ‘How professional performers manage performance anxiety’, Research Studies in Music Education, no. 2, June 1994, pp. 25-35.

Saintilan, Paul (2019) Managerial Orientations and Beliefs in Large Music Organisations, PhD Thesis, Deakin University [see section 5.2.1 on 'Nobody Knows' insecurity/uncertainty/ambiguity pp 152-158]

Shaw, Rachel L., Claire Whitehead & David C. Giles (2010) ‘‘Crack down on the celebrity junkies’: Does media coverage of celebrity drug use pose a risk to young people?’, Health, Risk & Society, Vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 575-589.

Singer, Merrill & Greg Mirhej (2006) ‘High notes: the role of drugs in the making of jazz’, Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1-38.

Smiley, Calvin John (2017) ‘Addict rap?: the shift from drug distributor to drug consumer in hip hop’, Journal of Hip Hop Studies, Vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 50-73.

Stormer, Carl Christian Lein, Tore Sorlie & Niels Christian Stenklev (2017) ‘Tinnitus, anxiety, depression and substance abuse in rock musicians: a Norwegian survey’, International Tinnitus Journal, Vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 50-57.

Tolson, Gerald H. (Jerry) & Michael J. Cuyjet (2007) ‘Jazz and substance abuse: road to creative genius or pathway to premature death’, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Vol. 30, pp. 530-538.

Vaag, Jonas, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard & Ottar Bjerkeset (2014) ‘Symptoms of anxiety and depression among Norwegian musicians compared to the general workforce’, Psychology of Music, Vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 234-248.

van den Eynde, Julie, Adrian Fisher & Christopher Sonn  (2016)  Working in the Australian Entertainment Industry: Final Report, Victoria University commissioned by Entertainment Assist.

van den Eynde, Julie, Adrian Fisher & Christopher Sonn (2014) Pride, Passion & Pitfalls: Working in the Australian Entertainment Industry, Victoria University commissioned by Entertainment Assist.

Wills, Geoffrey I. (2003) ‘Forty lives in the bebop business: mental health in a group of eminent jazz musicians, British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 183, pp 255-259.

Wolkewitz, Martin, Arthur Allignol, Nicholas Graves, Adrian G. Barnett (2011) ‘Is 27 really a dangerous age for famous musicians? Retrospective cohort study’, BMJ, published online 20 December, 2011.